We report a patient with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) presenting anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-seropositive, in whom biomarkers of demyelination and astrocyte damage were measured during an acute attack. A 31-year-old man developed right optic neuritis followed by longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, fulfilling the criteria for definite NMO. He was anti-MOG-seropositive and anti-Aquaporin-4 seronegative. The myelin basic protein level was markedly elevated whereas glial fibrillary acidic protein was not detectable in cerebrospinal fluid during an acute attack. His symptoms quickly improved after high-dose methylprednisolone therapy. This case suggests that NMO patients with anti-MOG may have severe demyelination in the absence of astrocyte injury.
- Neuromyelitis optica
- glial fibrillary acidic protein
- myelin basic protein
- myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology