Background: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) and remnant lipoprotein play a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis. Recently, a novel method for measuring remnant cholesterol levels (remnant lipoproteins cholesterol homogenous assay: RemL-C) has been established. However, the correlation between OxLDL and remnant lipoprotein, including RemL-C, has not been fully investigated. Methods: We enrolled 25 consecutive patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) and 20 controls. Remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C) and RemL-C were used to determine the levels of remnant lipoprotein cholesterol. Serum levels of malondialdehyde-modified LDL (MDA-LDL) and OxLDL using a monoclonal antibody DLH3 (OxPC) were used to measure the concentration of circulating OxLDL. Results: The CAD group had high levels of fasting glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared with the control group. Serum levels of total cholesterol or LDL cholesterol were not significantly different between the two groups. The levels of RemL-C (p = 0.035), MDA-LDL (p = 0.018), and MDA-LDL/LDL-C (p = 0.036) in the CAD group were significantly higher than those in the control group. The levels of RLP-C tended to be higher in the CAD group than those in the control group (p = 0.096). Positive correlations were demonstrated between remnant lipoprotein cholesterol and OxLDL (RLP-C and MDA-LDL/LDL-C, r = 0.45, p = 0.0024, RLP-C and OxPC, r = 0.51, p = 0.0005, RemL-C and MDA-LDL/LDL-C, r = 0.42, p = 0.0044, RemL-C and OxPC, r = 0.43, p = 0.0043). Similar trends were observed in non-diabetic subjects and in subjects without metabolic syndrome. Positive correlations were also observed between RLP-C and RemL-C (r = 0.94, p < 0.0001) and between MDA-LDL/LDL-C and OxPC (r = 0.40, p = 0.0074). Conclusions: These results suggest that the association between high levels of remnant lipoprotein cholesterol and high OxLDL levels might be linked to atherogenesis in patients with CAD.
- Coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine