Sequential Ubiquitination of Ribosomal Protein uS3 Triggers the Degradation of Non-functional 18S rRNA

Takato Sugiyama, Sihan Li, Misaki Kato, Ken Ikeuchi, Atsushi Ichimura, Yoshitaka Matsuo, Toshifumi Inada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

18S non-functional rRNA decay (NRD) eliminates non-functional 18S rRNA with deleterious mutations in the decoding center. Dissociation of the non-functional 80S ribosome into 40S and 60S subunits is a prerequisite step for degradation of the non-functional 18S rRNA. However, the mechanisms by which the non-functional ribosome is recognized and dissociated into subunits remain elusive. Here, we report that the sequential ubiquitination of non-functional ribosomes is crucial for subunit dissociation. 18S NRD requires Mag2-mediated monoubiquitination followed by Hel2- and Rsp5-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination of uS3 at the 212 th lysine residue. Determination of the aberrant 18S rRNA levels in sucrose gradient fractions revealed that the subunit dissociation of stalled ribosomes requires sequential ubiquitination of uS3 by E3 ligases and ATPase activity of Slh1 (Rqt2), as well as Asc1 and Dom34. We propose that sequential uS3 ubiquitination of the non-functional 80S ribosome induces subunit dissociation by Slh1, leading to degradation of the non-functional 18S rRNA. 18S non-functional rRNA decay (NRD) eliminates non-functional 18S rRNA with deleterious mutations in the decoding center. Sugiyama et al. show that 18S NRD requires Mag2-mediated monoubiquitination followed by Hel2- and Rsp5-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination of uS3. Subunit dissociation requires Asc1, Dom34, sequential ubiquitination of uS3, and ATPase activity of Slh1 (Rqt2).

Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Reports
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • RQT complex
  • non-functional rRNA decay
  • ribosome ubiquitination
  • sequential ubiquitination
  • subunit dissociation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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