Sequential changes of cholinergic and dopaminergic receptors in brains after 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle in rats

T. Araki, H. Tanji, K. Fujihara, H. Kato, Y. Imai, M. Mizugaki, Y. Itoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied sequential changes in muscarinic cholinergic receptors, high-affinity choline uptake sites and dopamine D 2 receptors in the brain after 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle in rats. The animals were unilaterally lesioned in the medial forebrain bundle and the brains were analyzed at 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks postlesion. [ 3H]Quinuclidinylbenzilate (QNB), [ 3H]hemicholinum-3 (HC-3) and [ 3H]raclopride were used to label muscarinic cholinergic receptors, high-affinity choline uptake sites and dopamine D 2 receptors, respectively. The degeneration of nigrostriatal pathway produced a transient decrease in [ 3H]QNB binding in the parietal cortex of both ipislateral and contralateral sides at 2 and 8 weeks postlesion. [ 3H] QNB binding also showed a mild but insignificant decrease in the ipsilateral striatum throughout the postlesion periods. No significant change was observed in the substantia nigra (SN) of both ipsilateral and contralateral sides throughout the postlesion periods. In contrast, [ 3H]HC-3 binding showed no significant change in the parietal cortex of both ipsilateral and contralateral sides during the postlesion. However, [ 3H]HC-3 binding was upregulated in the ipsilateral dorsolateral striatum throughout the postlesion periods. The ventromedial striatum also showed a significant increase in [ 3H]HC-3 binding at 1 week and 2 weeks postlesion. On the other hand, no significant change in [ 3H]raclopride binding was found in the parietal cortex of both ipsilateral and contralateral sides during the postlesion. [ 3H]Raclopride binding showed a conspicuous increase in the ipsilateral striatum (35-52% of the sham-operated values in the lateral part and 39-54% in the medial part) throughout the postlesion periods. In the contralateral side, a mild increase in [ 3H]raclopride binding was also found in the striatum (10-15% of the sham-operated values in the lateral part and 22% in the medial part) after lesioning. However, a significant decline in [ 3H]raclopride binding was observed in the ipsilateral SN and ventral tegmental area during the postlesion. The present study indicates that 6-hydroxydopamine injection of medial forebrain bundle in rats can cause functional changes in high-affinity choline uptake site in the striatum, as compared with muscarinic cholinergic receptors. Furthermore, our studies demonstrate an upregulation in dopamine D 2 receptors in the striatum and a decrease in the receptors in the SN and ventral tegmental area after the 6-hydroxydopamine injection. Thus, these findings provide further support for neurodegeneration of the nigrostriatal pathway that occurs in Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-884
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Volume107
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • 6-hydroxydopamine
  • Cholinergic receptors
  • Dopamine D receptors
  • High-affinity choline uptake sites
  • Nigrostriatal pathway
  • Rat
  • Receptor autoradiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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