Sequence and analysis of chromosome 5 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana

S. Tabata, T. Kaneko, Y. Nakamura, H. Kotani, T. Kato, E. Asamizu, N. Miyajima, S. Sasamoto, T. Kimura, T. Hosouchi, K. Kawashima, M. Kohara, M. Matsumoto, A. Matsuno, A. Muraki, S. Nakayama, N. Nakazaki, K. Naruo, S. Okumura, S. ShinpoC. Takeuchi, T. Wada, A. Watanabe, M. Yamada, M. Yasuda, S. Sato, M. de la Bastide, E. Huang, L. Spiegel, L. Gnoj, A. O'Shaughnessy, R. Preston, K. Habermann, J. Murray, D. Johnson, T. Rohlfing, J. Nelson, T. Stoneking, K. Pepin, J. Spieth, M. Sekhon, J. Armstrong, M. Becker, E. Belter, H. Cordum, M. Cordes, L. Courtney, W. Courtney, M. Dante, H. Du, J. Edwards, J. Fryman, B. Haakensen, E. Lamar, P. Latreille, S. Leonard, R. Meyer, E. Mulvaney, P. Ozersky, A. Riley, C. Strowmatt, C. Wagner-McPherson, A. Wollam, M. Yoakum, M. Bell, N. Dedhia, L. Parnell, R. Shah, M. Rodriguez, L. H. See, D. Vil, J. Baker, K. Kirchoff, K. Toth, L. King, A. Bahret, B. Miller, M. Marra, R. Martienssen, W. R. McCombie, R. K. Wilson, G. Murphy, I. Bancroft, G. Volckaert, R. Wambutt, A. Düsterhöft, W. Stiekema, T. Pohl, K. D. Entian, N. Terryn, N. Hartley, E. Bent, S. Johnson, S. A. Langham, B. McCullagh, J. Robben, B. Grymonprez, W. Zimmermann, U. Ramsperger, H. Wedler, K. Balke, E. Wedler, S. Peters, M. van Staveren, W. Dirkse, P. Mooijman, R. K. Lankhorst, T. Weitzenegger, G. Bothe, M. Rose, J. Hauf, S. Berneiser, S. Hempel, M. Feldpausch, S. Lamberth, R. Villarroel, J. Gielen, W. Ardiles, O. Bents, K. Lemcke, G. Kolesov, K. Mayer, S. Rudd, H. Schoof, C. Schueller, P. Zaccaria, H. W. Mewes, M. Bevan, P. Fransz

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Abstract

The genome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana has been sequenced by an international collaboration. The Arabidopsis Genome Initiative. Here we report the complete sequence of chromosome 5. This chromosome is 26 megabases long; it is the second largest Arabidopsis chromosome and represents 21% of the sequenced regions of the genome. The sequence of chromosomes 2 and 4 have been reported previously and that of chromosomes 1 and 3, together with an analysis of the complete genome sequence, are reported in this issue. Analysis of the sequence of chromosome 5 yields further insights into centromere structure and the sequence determinants of heterochromatin condensation. The 5,874 genes encoded on chromosome 5 reveal several new functions in plants, and the patterns of gene organization provide insights into the mechanisms and extent of genome evolution in plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-826
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume408
Issue number6814
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 14
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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