Sequence and analysis of chromosome 3 of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana

M. Salanoubat, K. Lemcke, M. Rieger, W. Ansorge, M. Unseld, B. Fartmann, G. Valle, H. Blöcker, M. Perez-Alonso, B. Obermaier, M. Delseny, M. Boutry, L. A. Grivell, R. Mache, P. Puigdomènech, V. De Simone, N. Choisne, F. Artiguenave, C. Robert, P. BrottierP. Wincker, L. Cattolico, J. Weissenbach, W. Saurin, F. Quétier, M. Schäfer, S. Müller-Auer, C. Gabel, M. Fuchs, V. Benes, E. Wurmbach, H. Drzonek, H. Erfle, N. Jordan, S. Bangert, R. Wiedelmann, H. Kranz, H. Voss, R. Holland, P. Brandt, G. Nyakatura, A. Vezzi, M. D'Angelo, A. Pallavicini, S. Toppo, B. Simionati, A. Conrad, K. Hornischer, G. Kauer, T. H. Löhnert, G. Nordsiek, J. Reichelt, M. Scharfe, O. Schön, M. Bargues, J. Terol, J. Climent, P. Navarro, C. Collado, A. Perez-Perez, B. Ottenwälder, D. Duchemin, R. Cooke, M. Laudie, C. Berger-Llauro, B. Purnelle, D. Masuy, M. de Haan, A. C. Maarse, J. P. Alcaraz, A. Cottet, E. Casacuberta, A. Monfort, A. Argiriou, M. Flores, R. Liguori, D. Vitale, G. Mannhaupt, D. Haase, H. Schoof, S. Rudd, P. Zaccaria, H. W. Mewes, K. F.X. Mayer, Samir Kaul, Christopher D. Town, Hean L. Koo, Luke J. Tallon, Jennifer Jenkins, Timothy Rooney, Michael Rizzo, Avram Walts, Teresa Utterback, Claire Y. Fujii, Terrance P. Shea, Todd H. Creasy, Brian Haas, Rama Maiti, Dongying Wu, Jeremy Peterson, Susan Van Aken, Grace Pai, Jennifer Militscher, Patrick Sellers, John E. Gill, Tamara V. Feldblyum, Daphne Preuss, Xiaoying Lin, William C. Nierman, Steven L. Salzberg, Owen White, J. Craig Venter, Claire M. Fraser, T. Kaneko, Y. Nakamura, S. Sato, T. Kato, E. Asamizu, S. Sasamoto, T. Kimura, K. Idesawa, K. Kawashima, Y. Kishida, C. Kiyokawa, M. Kohara, M. Matsumoto, A. Matsuno, A. Muraki, S. Nakayama, N. Nakazaki, S. Shinpo, C. Takeuchi, T. Wada, A. Watanabe, M. Yamada, M. Yasuda, S. Tabata

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126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are reported in this issue. Here we present the sequence of chromosome 3, organized into four sequence segments (contigs). The two largest (13.5 and 9.2 Mb) correspond to the top (long) and the bottom (short) arms of chromosome 3, and the two small contigs are located in the genetically defined centromere. This chromosome encodes 5,220 of the roughly 25,500 predicted protein-coding genes in the genome. About 20% of the predicted proteins have significant homology to proteins in eukaryotic genomes for which the complete sequence is available, pointing to important conserved cellular functions among eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)820-822
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume408
Issue number6814
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 14
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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