Sequence analysis by cloning of the structural gene of Gassericin A, a hydrophobic bacteriocin produced by lactobacillus gasseri LA39

Yasushi Kawai, Tadao Saito, Masakatsu Suzuki, Takatoshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gassericin A, a bacteriocin from Lactobacillus gasseri LA39, was purified to homogeneity from the culturesupernatant mainly by reverse-phase chromatography. The molecular weight of gassericin A was found to be 5,652 by mass analysis, unlike the estimated 3,800 found by SDS-PAGE. However, when the purified preparation was treated with lysylendopeptidase, it migrated as a single band to 5,600 with bacteriocin activity on SDS-PAGE. N- and C-terminal amino acids could not be identified. The internal amino acid could be identified after gassericin A was hydrolyzed with lysylendopeptidase. The DNA of the structural gene of gassericin A was sequenced by cloning of the gene from chromosomal DNA with an oligonucleotide probe. The structural gene of gassericin A was found on the chromosomal DNA as an open reading frame encoding a protein composed of 91 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of mature gassericin A was predicted to be 58 residues from the DNA sequence and results of mass analysis. These results suggested that gassericin A has a closed circular structure with N- and C-terminals linked. Gassericin A is a hydrophobic class II bacteriocin; it was 98% identical with acidocin B produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus M46.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-892
Number of pages6
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Acidocin B
  • Bacteriocin
  • Gassericin A
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Lactobacillus gasseri

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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