Lime neutralization is widely used to precipitate heavy metals including copper and cobalt from wastewater. Limestone (calcium carbonate: CaCO3) is too stable to be used directly for this purpose. Grinding of CaCO3 in the solutions of copper and cobalt sulphate was conducted to raise its reactivity. During the mechanochemical activation, CaCO3 reacted with copper sulphate but not significantly with cobalt sulphate and this phenomenon allowed an easy separation of copper from cobalt. The residual of Cu(II) ions in solution could be controlled at less than 0.1%, meanwhile more than 90% of the Co(II) ions remained in aqueous solution.
- mechanochemical activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Filtration and Separation