Semiconducting carbon nanotubes

M. S. Dresselhaus, Riichiro Saito, A. Jorio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of Raman spectroscopy to reveal the remarkable structure and properties of carbon nanotubes is briefly reviewed. Particular emphasis is given to the fact that a nanotube can be semiconducting or metallic depending on its diameter dt and chirality θ, and how Raman spectroscopy at the single nanotube level reveals such information. Some of the implications of the unusual properties of carbon nanotubes are summarized. It is shown how the vibrational spectra of one tiny tube, only about 1 nm in diameter, can be observed experimentally. Raman spectroscopy normally measures vibrational frequencies. What is unique about carbon nanotubes is that for this one-dimensional system, resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) also determines, in addition, the geometrical structure of the resonant nanotube, that is its diameter and chirality. Some of the recent advances in single nanotube spectroscopy are briefly discussed. The use of RRS for characterizing carbon nanotube samples is also discussed. The connection between Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence for studying carbon nanotubes is mentioned. Some of the current research challenges facing the field are briefly summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTORS
Subtitle of host publication27th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors, ICPS-27
Pages25-31
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun 30
EventPHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTORS: 27th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors, ICPS-27 - Flagstaff, AZ, United States
Duration: 2004 Jul 262004 Jul 30

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume772
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherPHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTORS: 27th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors, ICPS-27
CountryUnited States
CityFlagstaff, AZ
Period04/7/2604/7/30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Dresselhaus, M. S., Saito, R., & Jorio, A. (2005). Semiconducting carbon nanotubes. In PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTORS: 27th International Conference on the Physics of Semiconductors, ICPS-27 (pp. 25-31). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 772). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1993991