Self-rated autistic-like traits and capacity of visual working memory

Junichi Takahashi, Jiro Gyoba

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect on the capacity of visual working memory of spatial complexity (as defined by Garner's principle) in rotation and reflection transformation was examined in persons differing along the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), using a change-detection task. On each trial, nine line segments were arrayed in simple, medium, and complex configurations, which were presented in memory and test displays. 27 participants (8 men, 19 women; M age = 22.3 yr., SD = 2.7) were asked whether the orientations of stimuli between two displays were the same or different. On the basis of their AQ scores out of 50 (M AQ scores = 20.9, SD = 6.3), the participants were divided into groups with high (n = 13; M AQ scores = 26.2, SD = 4.1) and low (n = 12; M AQ scores = 15.3, SD = 2.7) self-reported autistic-like traits (High and Low AQ groups, 2 excluded for scores at the median). The results showed that spatial complexity affects the capacity of visual working memory for the Low AQ group but not for the High AQ group, suggesting the functional dissociation of spatial configuration and visual working memory in the High AQ group.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)879-890
    Number of pages12
    JournalPsychological Reports
    Volume110
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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