Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of simulated An 3+-contained radioactive graphite in N2 atmosphere

Xirui Lu, Faqin Dong, Mengjun Chen, Sijin Su, Xiaoli Wang, Yanlin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The self-propagation synthesis (SHS) technology is characterized exclusively in multiple aspects, including: higher reaction rate, simplified procedure, shortened flow-process, facilitated process, lower energy consumption and remote control. In order to evaluate the performance of the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) to treat An 3+-contained radioactive graphite in N2 atmosphere, in our study, with the exothermic reaction (3C + 4Al + 3TiO2 = 2Al 2O3 + 3TiC + Q), we used the following raw powdery materials including graphite (C), aluminum (Al), titanium dioxide (TiO 2) and neodymium oxide (Nd2O3, where Nd 3+ was used to simulate An3+). After a serial pretreatment including mixing, refinement and formation, a self-developed SHS reactive facility was used to prepare the simulated waste form for the An 3+-contained radioactive graphite. Then, X-ray diffractometer(XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to test and analyze the morphology, phase composition and solid solubility of the prepared waste forms. According to the results, the samples with the adding Nd2O 3 of 0∼16 wt% could maintain the self-sustainable reaction. And in the designed reaction, the Nd2O3 solid solubility was 1 wt%. The samples were mainly in pieces, with grain sized mainly in 5∼10μm. The samples without adding Nd2O3 content were composed of Al2O3, TiC, C, TiO2 and AlN. With adding Nd2O3 content of 1 wt%, the samples were composted of Al2O3, TiC, C, TiO2, AlN and NdAlO3. While in case of adding Nd2O3 content of over 1 wt%, the occurrence of the Nd2O3 phase was observed in the XRD patterns of the samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-374
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Asian Nuclear Prospects, ANUP 2012 - Beijing, China
Duration: 2012 Oct 162012 Oct 19


  • Graphite
  • Nuclear wastes
  • Radioactivity
  • SHS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)


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