Selective removal of cesium from simulated high-level liquid wastes by insoluble ferrocyanides)

Hitoshi Mimura, Jukka Lehto, Risto Harjula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical and thermal stability of a nonstoichiometric compound K2-xNix/2[NiFe(CN)6]·nH2O (KNiFC) were examined in connection with distribution behavior for Cs+. The face-centered cubic (FCC) structure of KNiFC was stable even in the presence of 8M HCl or 8M HNO3, and the samples treated with acids had high Kd values for Cs+ above 104 cm3/g. This suggests high resistance of KNiFC to acids. For the KNiFC treated with HNO3, the lattice parameter (α) increased with increasing the concentration of HNO3 above 1M. The FCC structure decomposed with NaOH concentrations above 1M, probably due to the hydrolysis of constitutional elements. The thermal decomposition began above 250°C and several steps of weight loss, due to evolution of gases, were observed up to 1,000°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-609
Number of pages3
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cesium 137
  • Cesium ions
  • Concentration dependence
  • Distribution coefficient
  • High-level liquid wastes
  • Inorganic ion exchangers
  • Insoluble ferrocyanides
  • Ion exchange
  • Separation factor
  • Uptake
  • Zeolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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