PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of simultaneous IMA (s-IMA) embolization during the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHOD: From July 2007 to January 2011, 189 patients in the no embolization (NE) group underwent EVAR without the indication for s-IMA embolization. Since February 2011 to April 2014, 143 patients have undergone EVAR. Among these patients, 26 patients underwent s-IMA embolism under a predefined indication and constituted the simultaneous embolization (SE) group. The indications for s-IMA embolization were defined by preoperative computed tomography (CT) findings, as follows: (1) the diameter was greater than 2.5 mm and (2) no stenosis due to thrombus or calcification at its orifice. RESULTS: The incidence of a type II endoleak from the IMA was 3.4% (5/143) in the SE group patients and 13.2% (25/189) in the NE group patients (p = 0.013), and the incidence of a type II endoleak from all branches (i.e., IMA, lumbar, medial sacral arteries) was 15.4% (22/143) in the SE group patients and 32.3% (61/189) in the NE group patients (p = 0.0003). During the follow-up period (range, 6-72 months; mean: 28 months), the reintervention rate for a type II endoleak from the IMA and/or other branches was 9.5% (18/189) in the NE group and 0.6% (1/143) in the SE group (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In selected patients, performing an s-IMA embolization, based on CT findings, decreased the incidence of a type II endoleak and reintervention from the IMA and from all branches.
|Journal||The Kobe journal of medical sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Jul 3|
- coil embolization
- endovascular aneurysm repair
- inferior mesenteric artery
- type II endoleak
ASJC Scopus subject areas