All-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) are gaining prominence for their ability to overcome the intrinsic drawbacks of conventional liquid-based counterparts, such as electrolyte leakage, flammability, and limited voltage window. Nevertheless, ASSBs have so far been mainly investigated using lab-scale dry mixing processes and therefore suffer from limitation of scalability and agglomeration of active particles in the composite electrodes. Here, we report a systematic investigation on ASSBs fabricated by a solution-based casting process. By screening a wide range of binders and solvents, acrylonitrile butadiene rubber and para-xylene were a suitable binder and solvent, respectively, compatible with sulfide glass-ceramic solid electrolyte. This binder-solvent combination facilitates homogeneous dispersion of the solid electrolyte in the slurry and electrolyte layer, offering high adhesion between electrode materials and comparable lithium ionic conductivity to that of the dry mixing-based counterpart. When solution-based casting processes were adopted for both electrolyte and composite cathode (containing LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2) layers, the solution-processed cell exhibits decent performance in rate capability and cyclability due to higher homogeneity of the electrode components, originating from the appropriate combination of solvent and binder.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry