Second-order autocorrelation of XUV FEL pulses via time resolved two-photon single ionization of He

R. Moshammer, Th Pfeifer, A. Rudenko, Y. H. Jiang, L. Foucar, M. Kurka, K. U. Kühnel, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, O. Herrwerth, M. F. Kling, X. J. Liu, K. Motomura, H. Fukuzawa, A. Yamada, K. Ueda, K. L. Ishikawa, K. Nagaya, H. Iwayama, A. SugishimaY. Mizoguchi, S. Yase, M. Yao, N. Saito, A. Belkacem, M. Nagasono, A. Higashiya, M. Yabashi, T. Ishikawa, H. Ohashi, H. Kimura, T. Togashi

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Abstract

Second-order autocorrelation spectra of XUV free-electron laser pulses from the Spring-8 Compact SASE Source (SCSS) have been recorded by time and momentum resolved detection of two-photon single ionization of He at 20.45 eV using a split-mirror delay-stage in combination with highresolution recoil-ion momentum spectroscopy (COLTRIMS). From the autocorrelation trace we extract a coherence time of 8 ± 2 fs and a mean pulse duration of 28 ± 5 fs, much shorter than estimations based on electron bunch-length measurements. Simulations within the partial coherence model [Opt. Lett. 35, 3441 (2010)] are in agreement with experiment if a pulsefront tilt across the FEL beam diameter is taken into account that leads to a temporal shift of about 6 fs between both pulse replicas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21698-21706
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Volume19
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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