Second hyperpolarizabilities of polycyclic diphenalenyl radicals: Effects of para/ortho-quinoid structures and central ring modification

Masayoshi Nakano, Nozomi Nakagawa, Suguru Ohta, Ryohei Kishi, Takashi Kubo, Kenji Kamada, Koji Ohta, Benoît Champagne, Edith Botek, Hideaki Takahashi, Shin ichi Furukawa, Yasushi Morita, Kazuhiro Nakasuji, Kizashi Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated the structural dependence of static second hyperpolarizabilities (γ) of polycyclic diphenalenyl radicals, i.e., IDPL, as-IDPL and TDPL, using the hybrid density functional theory method. It turns out that the diradical character of as-IDPL (0.923) is larger than that of IDPL (0.770) and is close to 1 (pure diradical state), which supports the fact that the γ of as-IDPL (472 × 103 a.u.) is smaller than that of IDPL (2284 × 103 a.u.). The replacement of a central benzene ring (as-IDPL) by a thiophene ring (TDPL) increases the γ (1375 × 103 a.u.). This is predicted to be caused by the reduction of aromaticity of the central ring and by the hypervalency of the sulfur atom of the thiophene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume429
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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