Seasonal variation of space/time statistics of short-term sea surface temperature variability in the Kuroshio region

Kohtaro Hosoda, Hiroshi Kawamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial and temporal scales of sea surface temperature (SST) variations in the Kuroshio region have been investigated using a satellite-based one-year merged SST product. Targeting short-term variations with temporal scales of less than a year, decorrelation scales, which are defined as the e-folding scale of SST variability, have been derived as functions of regional positions and calendar months. We assumed that the autocorrelation function of SST has anisotropic Gaussian characteristics in the space-time domain. Resultant spatial and temporal decorrelation scales range from 1 to 3° and 2 to 3 days, respectively. They are strongly inhomogeneous, anisotropic and time-dependent. These characteristics are attributed to the oceanic and atmospheric disturbances. Spatial decorrelation scales are determined mainly by strong atmospheric forcing in the study region. In the area with dominant atmospheric forcing, the spatial scales are larger than those in the other regions. Those in the regions with dynamical oceanographic disturbances are as small as 1°. Signal-to-noise ratios are also large where the atmospheric forcing is strong, while they are small where the oceanic signals are active.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-720
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Decorrelation scale
  • Kuroshio region
  • Merged SST
  • Satellite SST

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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