Seasonal changes of the baroclinic wave activity in the northern hemisphere of Mars simulated with a GCM

Takeshi Kuroda, Alexander S. Medvedev, Paul Hartogh, Masaaki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seasonal changes in baroclinic wave activity during northern autumns (Ls = 195-225°) and winters (Ls = 280-300°) are studied with a Martian general circulation model. For the weak dust load, the simulated s = 2 harmonic with 3.1 sols period dominates near the surface, while s = 1 (5.5 sols period) is more prominent at higher altitudes during autumns. In winters, the s = 1 wave has stronger amplitudes and a deep (up to 0.1 mb) vertical structure. These simulations are consistent with observations from MGS. We provide a simple explanation for the planetary wave changes in terms of seasonal variations of the background zonal mean fields. In particular, the observed and simulated significant reduction of the baroclinic wave activity during strong solstitial season dust storms occurs due to the stabilization of the jet stream with respect to baroclinic disturbances and due to the associated weakening of the wave excitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL09203
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 16
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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