Search for metallic phases of hydrogen and hydrides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The idea of looking for metallic states in hydrides rather than in pure hydrogen has remarkably increased the options for attaining the high-temperature superconductivity predicted by Ashcroft in 1968. This article presents a few viewpoints which might serve as a practical guide to searching new metallic hydrides which possess high superconducting transition temperatures. According to the Goldhammer-Herzfeld criterion, it is important to pay attention to unstable compounds at one atmospheric pressure because they can be good metals at high pressures. It is also helpful to make use of possible structural similarities of hydrides between the diagonally adjacent elements in the periodic table in order to control insulator-to-metal transition. The effects of anharmonic proton zero-point energy on stable structures are also discussed by applying the self-consistent harmonic approximation to solid hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-290
Number of pages10
JournalReview of High Pressure Science and Technology/Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Ab initio calculations
  • Hydrides
  • Insulator-to-metal transition
  • Superconductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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