Search for an index for the taste of Japanese Black cattle beef by panel testing and chemical composition analysis

Keiichi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shioura, Syoko Yokota, Kazuo Katoh, Sang Gun Roh, Fumiko Iida, Tomohiko Komatsu, Noriaki Syoji, Hironori Sakuma, Shinichi Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To search for an index for chemical composition related to superior taste in Japanese Black beef, we conducted panel tests and analyzed the chemical composition of seven beef brands. Thirty-five sirloin beefs from five heifers were used in this study, sold under seven beef brands graded as more than A4 on the Japanese Meat Grade scale. The chemical composition analyses assessed both raw and roasted meat, the latter of which was roasted under the same conditions as those used for the panel test. Results of the panel test and chemical composition analyses revealed that fatty acid composition, sugar content, adenosine triphosphage (ATP)-related compounds, amino acid composition and odor composition in the sirloin meat differed among beef brands. Furthermore, the correlations of chemical compositions between roasted and raw meat were significantly high. Sugar content and ATP-related compounds in roasted meat were significantly correlated with the item ‘overall evaluation’ of the panel test. ATP-related compounds, such as inosinic acid, carnosine and taurine, in roasted and raw meat were correlated significantly with the item ‘umami intensity’ of the panel test. These results suggest that the composition of these components is important for an index related to the overall evaluation of beef.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Japanese Black cattle
  • chemical composition
  • meat quality
  • panel test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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