Scheduled maintenance therapy with infliximab improves the prognosis of crohn's disease: A single center prospective cohort study in Japan

Shuichiro Takahashi, Sho Takagi, Hisashi Shiga, Ken Umemura, Katuya Endo, Yoichi Kakuta, Seiichi Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main goal of Crohn's disease (CD) treatment at present is to induce and maintain remission for as long as possible, and several approaches have been used as induction and maintenance therapies. There are no reports that have compared the effects on mid- and long-term prognosis among the induction and maintenance therapies, especially between infliximab, a chimeric antibody to tumor necrosis factor-α, and nutritional therapies. A total of 262 CD patients with induced remission were enrolled in the cohort study. Patients who failed to achieve remission, and patients who were lost to follow-up within 12 months were excluded. Induction therapies for CD included total elemental enteral nutrition, total parenteral nutrition, infliximab, prednisolone, and surgical resection. Maintenance therapies included home elemental diet, 5-aminosalicylates, immunomodulators, and scheduled infliximab therapy. We evaluated the possible predictive factors of relapse and surgical recurrence including the clinical backgrounds of the patients and medical therapies, using the Cox multivariate hazard analysis. The main factors that strongly affected the first relapse were scheduled infliximab therapy (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.24, p < 0.0001), surgical induction (HR = 0.19, p < 0.0001) and high frequency of previous relapse (HR = 2.56, p = 0.002). Penetrating (HR = 3.33, p = 0.009) and stricturing (HR = 6.60, p < 0.0001) disease behavior were main risk factors of surgical recurrence. Scheduled infliximab therapy is the most effective maintenance therapy in a real clinical setting with respect to the mid- and long-term prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume220
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 6

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Infliximab
  • Maintenance therapy
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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