RAS interacts with multiple targets in the cell and controls at least two signaling pathways, one regulating extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation and the other controlling membrane ruffling formation. These two pathways appear to act synergistically to cause transformation. Human smooth muscle α-actin promoter is repressed in RAS-transformed cells and derepressed in revertant cell lines, suggesting that it is a sensitive marker to follow phenotypic changes in fibroblast cells. SCH 51344 is a pyrazoloquinoline derivative identified on the basis of its ability to derepress α-actin promoter in RAS-transformed cells. Previous studies have shown that SCH 51344 is a potent inhibitor of RAS transformation. However, SCH 51344 had very little effect on the activities of proteins in the ERK pathway, suggesting that it inhibits RAS transformation by a novel mechanism. Recently, we have demonstrated that SCH 51344 specifically blocks membrane ruffling induced by activated forms of H-RAS, K-RAS, N-RAS, and RAC. Treatment of fibroblast cells with this compound had very little effect on RAS-mediated activation of ERK and JUN kinase activities. SCH 51344 was effective in inhibiting the anchorage-independent growth of Rat-2 fibroblast cells transformed by the three forms of oncogenic RAS and RAC V12. These results indicate that SCH 51344 inhibits a critical component of the membrane ruffling pathway downstream from RAC and suggest that targeting this pathway may be an effective approach to inhibiting transformation by RAS and other oncogenes.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science