Scanning nonlinear dielectric microscopy and its use in next-generation ultrahigh-density ferroelectric data storage

Yasuo Cho, Hiroyuki Odagawa, Koya Ohara, Yoshiomi Hiranaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We have developed a high-resolution scanning nonlinear dielectric microscope that can provide imaging with subnanometer resolution of domain structure in the polarization of ferroelectrics. Using this microscope, we were able to image several types of domain structures in ferroelectric materials. Moreover, because nonlinear dielectric responses of any order can be used for imaging, and because it is simple to vary the order used, our nonlinear dielectric constant microscope has higher-order modes of operation, whose use improves the resolution of the microscope. In addition, the configuration of our microscope allows us to image the polarization in the direction parallel to the sample surface by suitably rotating the direction of the applied electric fields. This imaging is possible because the microscope yields information about the full third-order nonlinear dielectric constant tensor. In the course of exploring ways to apply this microscope technology to next-generation ultrahigh-density ferroelectric data storage, we have recently shown data storage. at densities of 1.5 Tbit/in2, which is the world's highest storage density in a rewriteable storage medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-31
Number of pages13
JournalElectronics and Communications in Japan, Part II: Electronics (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1


  • Ferroelectric data storage
  • Ferroelectricity
  • Nonlinear dielectric constant
  • Polarization domain
  • Scanning nonlinear dielectric microscope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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