Scale effect on closure of a tensile fracture under normal stress

Ausama Giwelli, Kiyotoshi Sakaguchi, Koji Matsuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Tensile fractures with various sizes of from 37.5 mm to 260 mm were created in a sandstone block perpendicular to the bedding plane by indenting wedges, and scale effect on the closure of the fracture under normal stress was investigate. The surface topography of the fractures was measured to determine the initial aperture distribution, which showed that the standard deviation (SD) of the initial aperture increases with fracture size. The closure of the fracture was measured in cyclic loading for normal stresses up to 10 MPa. The experimental results have shown that the closure of the fracture significantly increases with an increase in fracture size. However, the closure curves become approximately identical by normalizing the closure by the SD of the initial aperture and are almost independent of fracture size. Thus, the scale effect on the closure of the fracture under normal stress is governed by that on the SD of the initial aperture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Dynamics - 5th International Workshop on Water Dynamics
Pages39-45
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 17
Event5th International Workshop on Water Dynamics - Sendai, Japan
Duration: 2007 Sep 252007 Sep 27

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume987
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other5th International Workshop on Water Dynamics
CountryJapan
CitySendai
Period07/9/2507/9/27

Keywords

  • Closure
  • Normal stress
  • Size effect
  • Tensile fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Giwelli, A., Sakaguchi, K., & Matsuki, K. (2008). Scale effect on closure of a tensile fracture under normal stress. In Water Dynamics - 5th International Workshop on Water Dynamics (pp. 39-45). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 987). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2896974