The scalable solution-phase synthesis of the cyclodepsipeptide destruxin E (1) has been achieved. Diastereoselective dihydroxylation of the terminal alkene in a 2-alkoxy-4-pentenoic amide, 7, was successfully accomplished utilizing (DHQD)2PHAL as the chiral ligand, and it was found that the use of the l-proline moiety in the substrate as a chiral auxiliary was essential for the induction of high diastereoselectivity to afford the key compound 4 on a gram scale. MNBA-mediated macrolactonization of 3 was also performed without formation of the dimerized product even under higher-dilution conditions, and it is noteworthy that the internal hydrogen bonds and s-cis configuration of the amide bond between N-methylalanine and N-methylvaline in the cyclization precursor 3 would assist in the macrolactonization to provide the macrolactone 2 without forming a dimerized product. Finally, epoxide formation in the side chain afforded destruxin E (1) on a gram scale in high purity (>98%).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry