Salutary effect of adjunctive intracoronary nicorandil administration on restoration of myocardial blood flow and functional improvement in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Y. Sakata, K. Kodama, K. Komamura, Y. J. Lim, F. Ishikura, A. Hirayama, M. Kitakaze, T. Masuyama, M. Hori

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84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Salutary effect of nicorandil, a K+ adenosine triphosphate channel opener, on restoration of myocardial blood flow and functional improvement after coronary revascularization was investigated in 20 patients with first anterior acute myocardial infarction. Ten patients received intracoronary administration of nicorandil (2 mg) after coronary revascularization; the other 10 patients received coronary revascularization only and served as control subjects. Myocardial contrast echocardiography and two-dimensional echocardiography were performed to assess microvascular integrity and regional function in the infarcted area. Nicorandil improved peak contrast intensity ratio (p < 0.001), calculated as the ratio of peak contrast intensity in the infarcted and noninfarcted areas, indicating the restoration of myocardial blood flow to the infarcted myocardium. Regional wall motion improved more significantly in 1 month in patients who received nicorandil (p < 0.01). Thus our results suggested the usefulness of intracoronary nicorandil administration after coronary revascularization for restoring blood flow and functional improvement in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-621
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume133
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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