Root hydrotropism of an agravitropic pea mutant, ageotropum

Hideyuki Takahashi, Hiroshi Suge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have partially characterized root hydrotropism of an agravitropic pea mutant, ageotropum (from Pisum sativum L. cv. Weibull's Weitor), without interference of gravitropism. Lowering the atmospheric air humidity inhibited root elongation and caused root curvature toward the moisture‐saturated substrate in ageotropum pea. Removal of root tips approximately 1.5 mm in length blocked the hydrotropic response. A computer‐assisted image analysis showed that the hydrotropic curvature in the roots of ageotropum pea was chiefly due to a greater inhibition of elongation on the humid side than the dry side of the roots. Similarly, gravitropic curvature of Alaska pea roots resulted from inhibition of elongation on the lower side of the horizontally placed roots, while the upper side of the roots maintained a normal growth rate. Gravitropic bending of Alaska pea roots was apparent 30 min after stimulation, whereas differential growth as well as curvature in positive root hydrotropism of ageotropum pea became visible 4–5 h after the continuous hydrostimulation. Application of 2,3,5‐triiodobenzoic acid or ethyleneglycol‐bis‐(β‐aminoethylether)‐N,N,N',N'‐tetraacetic acid was inhibitory to both root hydrotropism of ageotropum pea and root gravitropism of Alaska pea. Some mutual response mechanism for both hydrotropism and gravitropism may exist in roots, although the stimulusperception mechanisms differ from one another.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 May

Keywords

  • Gravitropism
  • Pisum sativum
  • hydrotropism
  • mutant
  • pea
  • root

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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