We demonstrate room-temperature perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in Pt/Co/AlOx trilayers sputter-deposited onto a SrTiO3 (STO) (001) substrate. Reflection high-energy electron diffraction and x-ray diffraction results confirm the two-dimensional polycrystalline nature for both Pt and Co layers in PMA films, which are (111) oriented in the out-of-plane direction. While the PMA in Pt/Co/AlOx trilayers on STO (001) is found to have interfacial origins, sizable PMA is maintained when Pt layer thickness is as thin as 1 nm, which is several times to one order of magnitude smaller than the reported values of the spin diffusion length for Pt, thus facilitating spin transmission along the thin-film-normal direction. With the STO (001) substrate serving as the fundamental building block for realizing giant Rashba spin splitting, this work provides a feasible platform for the investigation of magnetization switching in two-dimensional-electron-gas-based magnetic hetero-structures at room temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)