Room-temperature d0 ferromagnetism in carbon-doped Y2 O3 for spintronic applications: A density functional theory study

Brahmananda Chakraborty, Prithwish K. Nandi, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe, Lavanya M. Ramaniah

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Through density functional theory simulations with the generalized gradient approximation, confirmed by the more sophisticated hybrid functional, we predict the triggering of d0 ferromagnetism in C doped Y2O3 at a hole density of 3.36×1021cm-3 (one order less than the critical hole density of ZnO) having magnetic moment of 2.0μB per defect with ferromagnetic coupling large enough to promote room-temperature ferromagnetism. The persistence of ferromagnetism at room temperature is established through computation of the Curie temperature by the mean field approximation and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The induced magnetic moment is mainly contributed by the 2p orbital of the impurity C and the 2p orbital of O and we quantitatively and extensively demonstrate through the analysis of density of states and ferromagnetic coupling that the Stoner criterion is satisfied to activate room-temperature ferromagnetism. As the system is stable at room temperature, C doped Y2O3 has feasible defect formation energy and ferromagnetism survives for the choice of hybrid exchange functional, and at room temperature we strongly believe that C doped Y2O3 can be tailored as a room-temperature diluted magnetic semiconductor for spintronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184411
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 7
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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