Roles of TOG and jelly-roll domains of centrosomal protein CEP104 in its functions in cilium elongation and Hedgehog signaling

Takashi Yamazoe, Tomoaki Nagai, Shinya Umeda, Yuko Sugaya, Kensaku Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary cilia are generated through the extension of the microtubule-based axoneme. Centrosomal protein 104 (CEP104) localizes to the tip of the elongating axoneme, and CEP104 mutations are linked to a ciliopathy, Joubert syndrome. Thus, CEP104 has been implicated in ciliogenesis. However, the mechanism by which CEP104 regulates ciliogenesis remains elusive. We report here that CEP104 is critical for cilium elongation but not for initiating ciliogenesis. We also demonstrated that the tumor-overexpressed gene (TOG) domain of CEP104 exhibits microtubule-polymerizing activity and that this activity is essential for the cilium-elongating activity of CEP104. Knockdown/rescue experiments showed that the N-terminal jelly-roll (JR) fold partially contributes to cilium-elongating activity of CEP104, but neither the zinc-finger region nor the SXIP motif is required for this activity. CEP104 binds to a centriole-capping protein, CP110, through the zinc-finger region and to a microtubule plus-end-binding protein, EB1, through the SXIP motif, indicating that the binding of CP110 and EB1 is dispensable for the cilium-elongating activity of CEP104. Moreover, CEP104 depletion does not affect CP110 removal from the mother centriole, which suggests that CEP104 functions after the removal of CP110. Last, we also showed that CEP104 is required for the ciliary entry of Smoothened and export of GPR161 upon Hedgehog signal activation and that the TOG domain plays a critical role in this activity. Our results define the roles of the individual domains of CEP104 in its functions in cilium elongation and Hedgehog signaling and should enhance our understanding of the mechanism underlying CEP104 mutation-associated ciliopathies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14723-14736
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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