Receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) regulates various cellular functions and signaling pathways by interacting with different proteins. Recently, we showed that RACK1 interacts with breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1), which regulates centrosome duplication. RACK1 localizes to centrosomes and spindle poles and is involved in the proper centrosomal localization of BRCA1. The interaction between RACK1 and BRCA1 is critical for the regulation of centrosome number. In addition, RACK1 contributes to centriole duplication by regulating polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) activity in S phase. RACK1 binds directly to PLK1 and Aurora A, promoting the phosphorylation of PLK1 and activating the Aurora A/PLK1 signaling axis. Overexpression of RACK1 causes centrosome amplification, especially in mammary gland epithelial cells, inducing overactivation of PLK1 followed by premature centriole disengagement and centriole re-duplication. Other proteins, including hypoxia-inducible factor α, von Hippel–Lindau protein, heat-shock protein 90, β-catenin, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β, interact with RACK1 and play roles in centrosome regulation. In this review, we focus on the roles and underlying molecular mechanisms of RACK1 in centrosome regulation mediated by its interaction with different proteins and the modulation of their functions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology