Roles of nuclear receptors in the gene expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes under various physiological conditions

Kouichi Yoshinari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a key transcription factor for the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B genes, resides in the cytoplasm under untreated conditions and translocates into the nucleus upon xenobiotic exposure. CAR forms a multiprotein complex including heat shock protein 90 in the cytoplasm as the glucocorticoid receptor, and it is likely that protein phosphatase 2A plays a critical role in the first step of CAR nuclear translocation. In addition to the xenobiotic induction of CYP2Bs, our recent studies have indicated that CAR is important for sex and strain differences and obesity/diabetes-associated changes in the expression of CYP2B genes. These results have raised the hypothesis that the expression of nuclear receptors varies depending on the physiologic condition, leading to the dysregulation of CYP expression. In obese mice fed a high-fat diet, however, hepatic CYP3A levels are drastically decreased without any significant changes in the expression of nuclear receptors including the pregnane X receptor and hepatocyte nuclear factor-4, which are known to be key transcription factors in the expression of CYP3A genes. These results indicate that it is important to investigate the mechanism of the transcriptional regulation of nuclear receptor genes as well as the activation of nuclear receptors to understand the CYP expression system fully.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-348
Number of pages6
JournalYakugaku Zasshi
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May


  • Constitutive androstane receptor
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Model animal
  • Nuclear receptor
  • Nuclear translocation
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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