Roles of histamine receptors in pain perception: A study using receptors gene knockout mice

Kazuhiko Yanai, Jalal Izadi Mobarakeh, Atsuo Kuramasu, Shinobu Sakurada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


To study the participation of histamine H1- and H2-receptors in pain perception, H1 and H2 receptor knockout (KO) mice were examined for pain threshold by means of three kinds of nociceptive tasks. These included assays for thermal, mechanical, and chemical nociception. H1KO mice showed significantly fewer nociceptive responses to the hot-plate, tail-flick, tail-pressure, paw-withdrawal, formalin, capsaicin, and abdominal constriction tests. Sensitivity to noxious stimuli in H1KO mice was significantly decreased when compared to wild-type mice. The antinociceptive phenotypes of H2KO were relatively less prominent when compared to H1KO mice. We also examined the antinociceptive effects of intrathecally-, intracerebroven-tricularly-, and subcutaneously-administered morphine in H1KO and H2KO mice. In these nociceptive assays, the antinociceptive effects produced by morphine were more enhanced in both H1KO and H2KO mice. The effects of histamine H1- and H2-receptor antagonists on morphine-induced antinociception were studied in ICR mice. The intrathecal, intracereborventricular and subcutaneous co-administrations of d-chlorpheniramine enhanced the effects of morphine in all nociceptive assays examined. In addition, intrathecal co-administrations of cimetidine enhanced the antinociception of morphine in the hot plate tests. These results suggest that existing H1 and H2 receptors play an inhibitory role in morphine-induced anti-nociception in the spinal and supra-spinal levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-399
Number of pages9
JournalFolia Pharmacologica Japonica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • H1 receptors
  • H2 receptors
  • Histamine
  • Knockout mice
  • Morphine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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