We study the effect of virtual Coulomb breakup, commonly known as the dipole polarizability, of the deuteron projectile on the astrophysical fusion reaction [Formula Presented]. We use the adiabatic approximation to estimate the potential shift due to the [Formula Presented] transition to the continuum states in the deuteron and compute the barrier penetrability in the WKB approximation. We find that the enhancement of the penetrability due to the deuteron breakup is too small to resolve the longstanding puzzle observed in laboratory measurements that the electron screening effect is surprisingly larger than theoretical prediction based on an atomic physics model. The effect of [Formula Presented] breakup in the [Formula Presented] reaction, as well as the [Formula Presented] breakup in the [Formula Presented] reaction is also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics