The catalytic cycle of cytochrome P450 involves a change from the resting-state, water-bound, six-coordinated form (1, low-spin state) to a five-coordinated form (2, high-spin state) upon binding of a hydrophobic substrate. Here, we used a heme-thiolate model complex (SR complex) with THF as a model of nonionic H2O to address the question of whether or not coordination of nonionic water is sufficient to induce the low-spin state. Measurements of electronic absorption spectra and magnetic properties confirmed that five-coordinated SR complex has a high-spin state, and THF-bound, six-coordinated SR has a low-spin state in dichloromethane at ambient temperature. The redox potential E1/2 (FeII/FeIII) of THF-bound SR was 80-90 mV more negative than that of five-coordinated SR. These properties indicate SR is a good model of P450. Our results suggest that thiolate coordination plays a key role in setting the low energy barrier between the high-spin and low-spin states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry