Role of Streptococcus sanguis and traumatic factors in Behçet's disease

Emiko Isogai, Hiroshi Isogai, Satoshi Kotake, Shigeaki Ohno, Koichi Kimura, Keiji Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The pathogenicity of Behçet's disease (BD) has been associated with the offending pathogen Streptococcus sanguis. However, it is unclear that the bacterium is a true pathogen. Materials and Methods: Germ-free mice were inoculated with a clinical isolate (strain BD113-20) of S. sanguis. Mice received heat or mechanical stress on their oral tissue before the bacterial infection. Colonization, immune responses against the cell wall and synthetic peptides, and the cytokine profile were examined. Uveitogenicity of the cell wall, lipoteichoic acid (LTA), muramyl dipeptide (MDP), human hsp336-351, S. sanguis-associated peptides, and retina-associated peptides were examined. Results: S. sanguis colonized the oral cavity at 105-8/mL saliva. The level of colonization in mice given heat or mechanical stress was significantly higher than the other groups. These mice showed typical oral ulcers after the bacterial challenge and mild iridocyclitis. Skin lesions were spread whereas genital ulcers were rare in these groups. Significant antibody production to the selected peptides was observed in the experimental mice compared with control animals. Inflammatory cytokines such as IL-2, IL-6, IFN-g, and TNF-a were detected in oral tissue of the mice infected with S. sanguis. Evidence suggests that the association with the cell wall or with LTA can directly affect the degree of inflammation. Conclusions: S. sanguis strain BD113-20 is pathogenic for experimental mice and can be a causative agent for BD. Molecular mimic peptides can be implicated in the pathogenesis of BD. The cell wall of the bacteria shows direct ocular inflammogenicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-75
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Research
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec

Keywords

  • Behçet's disease
  • Experimental model
  • Germ-free mouse
  • Ocular inflammation
  • Streptococcus sanguis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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