To assess the potential role of renal kallikrein-kinin system in enhancing sodium excretion per nephron in chronic renal failure, we studied urinary excretion of active and inactive kallikrein for 3 weeks in Wistar-Kyoto rats subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6), 1/2 nephrectomy (1/2) or sham operation (Sham). We determined urinary active and inactive kallikrein by measuring kallikrein activity using a kininogenase assay before and after treatment with trypsin (200 micrograms/ml). Fractional sodium excretion was significantly increased in 5/6-rats as compared with 1/2- or sham-rats. On the contrary, urinary active kallikrein excretion per nephron was not different in the three models whereas a significant rise in urinary inactive kallikrein excretion per nephron was found in 5/6-rats as compared with 1/2- or sham-rats. Urinary total kallikrein excretion per nephron was significantly increased in 5/6-rats as compared with sham-rats. In addition, no correlation was found between fractional sodium excretion and urinary active kallikrein excretion corrected for creatinine clearance (Ccr) in 5/6-rats. These results indicate that decreased excretion of renal active kallikrein may not play a significant role in the increased sodium excretion per nephron in the rat remnant kidney model of chronic renal failure. Furthermore, it is suggested that in this model of rat there might be impaired production of renal active kallikrein although its exact mechanism remains to be determined.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Advances in experimental medicine and biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)