Tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP-2)/DOPAchrome tautomerase is an enzyme involved in melanin biosynthesis and plays an important role in cytoprotection by preventing the production of a toxic melanin precursor, 5,6-dihydroxyindole. Neurofibromin is the protein product of a gene linked to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), which is characterized by multiple neurofibromas and abnormalities in skin pigmentation. To explore the pathogenesis of NF1, we studied the role of neurofibromin in the regulation of TRP-2 gene expression. By means of transient cotransfection assays, we show that the expression of a reporter gene under the control of the TRP-2 gene promoter was increased by a neurofibromin-dependent signal through the 71-bp region (positions -415 to -345). A Lys-to-Glu substitution at position 1425 in neurofibromin abrogated this activating function. A dominant negative Ki-ras inhibitor mimics neurofibromin's function, and additively increases TRP-2 promoter activity when coexpressed with neurofibromin. Therefore, we suggest that neurofibromin is involved in the regulation of TRP-2 gene expression. Moreover, we found a single case of a glioblastoma multiforme that expresses TRP-2 mRNA but not tyrosinase mRNA, suggesting that TRP-2 may function in human neural tissues under certain conditions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Nov|
- Gene transcription
- Tyrosinase-related protein-2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology