Role of impurity components and pollutant removal processes in catalytic oxidation of o-xylene from simulated coal-fired flue gas

Yuting Wang, Xiao Zhang, Boxiong Shen, Richard Lee Smith, Haixin Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from coal-fired flue gas of thermal power plants have reached unprecedented levels due to lack of understanding of reaction mechanisms under industrial settings. Herein, inhibition mechanisms for catalytic oxidation of o-xylene in simulated coal-fired flue gas are elucidated with in-situ and ex-situ spectroscopic techniques considering the presence of impurity components (NO, NH3, SO2, H2O). MnCe oxide catalysts prepared at Mn: Ce mass ratios of 6:4 are demonstrated to promote 87% o-xylene oxidation at 250 °C under gas hourly space velocities of 60,000 h−1. Reaction intermediates on the catalyst surface are revealed to be o-benzoquinones, benzoates, and formate and they were stably formed under O2/N2 atmospheres. When either NO or NH3 was introduced into the simulated flue gas, the formed species shifted toward formate in minutes, which indicated that changes in catalyst surface chemistry are directly related to impurity components. Presence of NH3 in the simulated flue gas inhibited o-xylene oxidation by reducing Mn and lowering Brønsted acidity of the catalyst. Impurity components associated with pollutant removal processes (Hg0 oxidation and selective catalytic reduction of NO) lowered o-xylene removal efficiency. Presence of o-xylene in the flue gas had little effect on the efficiency of pollutant removal processes. Layered catalytic beds located downstream from Hg0/NO pollutant removal processes are proposed to lower VOC emissions from coal-fired flue gases of thermal power plants in industrial settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number142805
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume764
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 10

Keywords

  • Coal combustion
  • in-situ measurement
  • Selective catalytic reduction of NO
  • Transition metal catalyst
  • VOC catalytic oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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