Role of Ge in SiGe epitaxial growth using silane/germane gas-source molecular beam epitaxy

Maki Suemitsu, K. J. Kim, N. Miyamoto

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Precise measurements on the growth rate and the hydrogen coverage on the growing surface of SiGe epitaxial film by silane/germane gas-source molecular beam epitaxy (GSMBE) have been performed for the germane mixing ratio Xg of 0%-6%. For all Xg, the growth-rate Arrhenius plot showed a distinct separation into the high-temperature region with a lower activation energy and the low-temperature region with a higher activation energy, similar to silane GSMBE. The growth rates in the iow-temperature region increased with Xg, while those in the high-temperature region peaked at Xg=Q.H% and decreased thereafter. As a result the transition temperature shifted towards lower temperatures. The activation energy in the low-temperature region stayed almost unchanged or increased with Xg, which is quite contrary to the previous understandings and is thus discussed. A model is presented to describe the hydrogen desorption process from SiGe surfaces, which explains both the growth rate in the low-temperature region and the temperature-programed-desorption (TPD) spectra obtained from the quenched growing surface. The role of Ge in the low-temperature region is concluded to enhance processes involved in hydrogen desorption from Si atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2271-2275
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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