Precise measurements on the growth rate and the hydrogen coverage on the growing surface of SiGe epitaxial film by silane/germane gas-source molecular beam epitaxy (GSMBE) have been performed for the germane mixing ratio Xg of 0%-6%. For all Xg, the growth-rate Arrhenius plot showed a distinct separation into the high-temperature region with a lower activation energy and the low-temperature region with a higher activation energy, similar to silane GSMBE. The growth rates in the iow-temperature region increased with Xg, while those in the high-temperature region peaked at Xg=Q.H% and decreased thereafter. As a result the transition temperature shifted towards lower temperatures. The activation energy in the low-temperature region stayed almost unchanged or increased with Xg, which is quite contrary to the previous understandings and is thus discussed. A model is presented to describe the hydrogen desorption process from SiGe surfaces, which explains both the growth rate in the low-temperature region and the temperature-programed-desorption (TPD) spectra obtained from the quenched growing surface. The role of Ge in the low-temperature region is concluded to enhance processes involved in hydrogen desorption from Si atoms.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films|
|Publication status||Published - 1994 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films