Role of cementite and retained austenite on austenite reversion from martensite and bainite in Fe-2Mn-1.5Si-0.3C alloy

Xianguang Zhang, Goro Miyamoto, Yuki Toji, Yongjie Zhang, Tadashi Furuhara

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of cementite (θ) and retained austenite (RA) on the kinetics and microstructure evolution in austenite (γ) reversion of an Fe-2Mn-1.5Si-0.3C (mass%) alloy have been studied by investigating the reversion from as-quenched and tempered martensite, and bainite. Pre-tempering of martensite or prolonged austempering, both resulting in θ precipitation, enhanced the formation of globular γ at high reversion temperature, while the presence of RA in carbide-free bainite structure obtained by short time austempering suppressed its formation. High-temperature pre-tempering or prolonged austempering retarded the reversion kinetics, while low-temperature pre-tempering or the presence of RA have negligible influences on the kinetics. Nucleation of γ at θ / ferrite interface results in the formation of globular γ. Theoretical analysis reveals that coarser θ particle has a higher nucleation potency for globular γ, and thus coarsening of θ particles by pre-tempering or austempering promotes its formation. On the other hand, the precipitation of θ particles before γ reversion is suppressed when a large amount of RA is present, thus globular γ formation is suppressed. It was concluded that the retardation on reversion kinetics by high-temperature pre-tempering or austempering is mainly owing to the suppression on the growth of reverted γ because of enhanced Mn enrichment into θ and coarsened θ particle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116772
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1


  • Austenite
  • Cementite
  • Kinetics
  • Morphology
  • Retained austenite
  • Reversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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