In this study, role of capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Klebsiella pneumoniae was investigated in experimental mice pneumonia model. Inoculation with K. pneumoniae mucoid strain DT-S into mice lung induced expansive, voluminous lethal pneumonia characterized with thickening of the alveolar septa caused by infiltration of inflammatory cell and packing of bacteria within alveolar spaces. On the other hand, mice lung inoculated with K. pneumoniae DT-X, which was non-mucoid mutant isolated from DT-S during natural passage, showed infiltration of inflammatory cell into alveolar spaces but there was no death of mice during the course of this pneumonia. Inoculation of CPS 100 micrograms of DT-S strain into mice lung induced lesser extent of accumulation of inflammatory cell than that of LPS 4 micrograms of this strain. Stimulation of alveolar and peritoneal macrophage with CPS, even at a concentration of 100 micrograms/ml, induced weaker Interleukin-1 (IL-1) activity than stimulation with LPS 4 micrograms/ml. These results suggest that since CPS of K. pneumoniae DT-S encapsulate bacteria including LPS, CPS may inhibit chemotaxis of inflammatory cell and IL-1 production of macrophage to be induced by LPS during course of pneumonia. It is speculated that existence of CPS have important role in modulating host response to bacterial LPS, and this effect of CPS may be related with difference of pathological findings of lung and lethality between K. pneumoniae DT-S and DT-X.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Jan 1|
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