Role of calcium in insulin-stimulated NaCl transport in medullary thick ascending limb

O. Ito, Y. Kondo, N. Takahashi, K. Omata, K. Abe

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14 Citations (Scopus)


It has been reported that insulin stimulates directly NaCl transport in the rabbit medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) [O. Ito, Y. Kendo, N. Takahashi, K. Kudo, Y. Imai, K. Omata, and K. Abe. Am. J. Physiol. 267 (Renal Fluid Electrolyte Physiol. 36): F265-F270, 1994]. In the present investigation, we evaluated the role of Ca2+ in insulin-stimulated NaCl transport in rabbit MTAL by in vitro microperfusion methods. In control experiments, insulin increases transepithelial voltage (V(te)) and net lumen- to-bath Cl- flux (J(Cl)). The effects of insulin on V(te) and J(Cl) in a Ca2+-free solution containing ethylene glycol-bis(β-aminoethyl ether)N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid did not differ from those in a Ca2+- containing control solution. Direct measurements of cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+](i)) with fura 2 fluorescence showed that insulin caused no detectable change in [Ca2+](i) in MTAL cells. Chelation of intracellular Ca2+ with the acetoxymethyl ester of 1,2,bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane- N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid inhibited the actions of insulin in V(te) and J(Cl) without affecting basal values. We examined further whether calmodulin is also involved in insulin-stimulated NaCl transport in MTAL using two dissimilar inhibitors of calmodulin, trifluoperazine (TFP) and N-(6- aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalene-sulfonamide (W-7). TFP and W-7 inhibited the action of insulin in a dose-dependent manner, with maximal inhibition of both agents of > 90%. The half-maximal inhibition by TFP and W-7 was ~50 and 100 μM, respectively. These results suggest that insulin-stimulated NaCl transport in MTAL is mediated through the intracellular Ca2+-calmodulin system, but not through Ca2+ influx.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F236-F241
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number2 38-2
Publication statusPublished - 1995


  • calcium channel
  • calcium influx
  • calmodulin
  • cytosolic free calcium
  • in vitro microperfusion
  • thick ascending limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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