The microscopic mechanism of coercivity at finite temperature is a crucial issue for permanent magnets. Here we present the temperature dependence of the coercivity of an atomistic spin model for the highest-performance magnet Nd2Fe14B. For quantitative analysis of the magnetization reversal with thermal fluctuations, we focus on the free energy landscape as a function of the magnetization. The free energy is calculated by the replica-exchange Wang–Landau method. This approach allows us to address a slow nucleation problem, i.e., thermal activation effects, in the magnetization reversal. We concretely observed that the thermal fluctuations lead to a downward convexity in the coercivity concerning the temperature. Additionally, through analyzing the microscopic process of the thermal activation (nucleation), we discover the activation volume is insensitive to a magnetic field around the coercivity. The insensitivity explains the linear reduction of the free energy barrier by the magnetic field in the nucleation process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Computer Science Applications