Rock and sediment samples were collected from petit-spots in the northwestern Pacific. The sampling was conducted using deep-submergence vehicle (DSV) Shinkai 6500 and its mother ship, research vessel (RV) Yokosuka during YK20-14S and YK21-07S cruises. The collected rock samples are basalt and peperite. Some of the basalts include small mantle xenoliths (∼3 cm in diameter). The dataset of rock and sediment samples from the petit-spots located on >130 Ma northwestern Pacific plate are presented herein. The peperites are a reaction product between petit-spot magma and wet sediment, and the mantle xenoliths are fragmented mantle materials transported by the petit-spot magmas. Therefore, the petit-spot samples are of significant importance to elucidate modification process of the surface condition by petit-spot magma and to characterize the deep lithospheric mantle. The dataset presented herein provides in a sense a unique insight into the whole Pacific plate just before its subduction beneath the Japan arc.
|Journal||Data in Brief|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
- Magma–wet sediment interaction
- Mantle xenolith
- Outer rise
- Shinkai 6500
ASJC Scopus subject areas