Purpose: The robustness of a recently introduced globally convergent deconvolution algorithm with temporal and edge-preserving spatial regularization for the deconvolution of dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion magnetic resonance imaging is assessed in the context of ischemic stroke. Theory and Methods: Ischemic tissues are not randomly distributed in the brain but form a spatially organized entity. The addition of a spatial regularization term allows to take into account this spatial organization contrarily to the sole temporal regularization approach which processes each voxel independently. The robustness of the spatial regularization in relation to shape variability, hemodynamic variability in tissues, noise in the magnetic resonance imaging apparatus, and uncertainty on the arterial input function selected for the deconvolution is addressed via an original in silico validation approach. Results: The deconvolution algorithm proved robust to the different sources of variability, outperforming temporal Tikhonov regularization in most realistic conditions considered. The limiting factor is the proper estimation of the arterial input function. Conclusion: This study quantified the robustness of a spatio-temporal approach for dynamic susceptibility contrast-magnetic resonance imaging deconvolution via a new simulator. This simulator, now accessible online, is of wide applicability for the validation of any deconvolution algorithm. Magn Reson Med 78:1981–1990, 2017.
- digital phantoms
- dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging