Robust Ti4+ states in SrTiO3 layers of La 0.6Sr0.4MnO3/SrTiO3/La 0.6Sr0.4MnO3 junctions

H. Kumigashira, A. Chikamatsu, R. Hashimoto, M. Oshima, T. Ohnishi, M. Lippmaa, H. Wadati, A. Fujimori, K. Ono, M. Kawasaki, H. Koinuma

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28 Citations (Scopus)


We have investigated the interfacial electronic structure of La0.6 Sr0.4 Mn O3 (LSMO) SrTi O3 (STO)/LSMO heterojunctions utilizing the elemental selectivity of photoemission spectroscopy. The Ti 2p core-level spectra clearly show Ti4+ states and do not exhibit any indication of Ti3+ states in Ti O2 layers irrespective of a different kind of adjacent atomic layer with different chemical carrier concentration. This result indicates that the Ti ions in the Ti O2 atomic layers preserve their tetravalent states even in the vicinity of the valence-mismatched interface between LSMO and STO, reflecting the chemical stability of the Ti4+ states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192504
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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