Robust perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of Co3Sn2 S2 phase in sulfur deficient sputtered thin films

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Abstract

Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in magnetic thin films is a fundamental key feature in the design of spintronic devices. As one of magnetic Weyl semimetals, Co3Sn2S2 has been studied for its large anomalous Hall effect (AHE), uniaxial crystalline magnetic anisotropy, and half metallicity. In this study, we investigated the effect of off-stoichiometric composition on the PMA and AHE of Co3Sn2Sx thin films fabricated by the sputtering technique. The prepared thin films have off-stoichiometric S compositions x of 1.54 (S poor) and 3.27 (S rich) as well as the nearly stoichiometric one of 2.02. In addition to the Co3Sn2S2 phase, the segregated Co metal is found to contribute to the measured magnetization in the S-poor and S-rich films. The coercive field of perpendicular magnetization in all the films is much larger than that in the Co3Sn2S2 bulk crystals despite the fact that effective perpendicular magnetic anisotropy constants (Kueff) between the prepared films are significantly different. In addition, the Kueff values of two samples with x=2.02 and 2.22 are comparable to those of the bulk crystals. In contrast to the isotropic magnetization behavior in the S-rich film, the S-poor film holds the PMA feature. This result means that the PMA is more robust in the S-poor film than in the S-rich film. For the electrical transport properties, a large tangent of Hall angle of about 0.2 is observed for both the nearly stoichiometric and the S-poor films. This large tangent of Hall angle demonstrates that the Weyl feature of Co3Sn2S2 phase is well maintained even in the S-poor thin films as well as the nearly stoichiometric films although the amount of Co segregation in both S-poor and S-rich films is similar. Our findings on the influence of off-stoichiometry on the PMA and AHE are beneficial to design magnetic devices incorporated with the Weyl features of Co3Sn2S2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024403
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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