Risk factors for difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in grade II acute cholecystitis according to the Tokyo guidelines 2013

Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Takanori Morikawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata, Hiroo Naito

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 classifies acute cholecystitis (AC) into three grades and recommends appropriate therapy for each grade. For grade II AC, either early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) should be performed. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for difficulty of LC for treating grade II AC. Methods: Totally, 122 patients who underwent LC for grade II AC were enrolled and divided into difficult LC (DLC) and nondifficult LC (NDLC) groups. The DLC group included patients who experienced one of the following conditions: conversion from LC to open cholecystectomy, operating time ≥ 180 min, or blood loss ≥300 ml. Preoperative characteristics and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results: In univariate analysis, risk factors included male sex, interval between symptom onset and admission, interval between symptom onset and LC, and anticoagulant therapy. The incidence of postoperative complications was higher in the DLC group than in the NDLC group (23.5% vs. 4.6%, p = 0.0016). According to receiver operating characteristic curves, the optimal cutoff value was calculated, and multivariate analysis showed that male sex [odds ratio (OR), 5.76; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.979-19.51; p = 0.0009) and interval between symptom onset and LC of over 96 h (OR, 6.32; 95% CI, 2.126-20.15; p = 0.0009) were independent risk factors for difficulty of LC. Conclusions: In patients with grade II AC, LC was technically difficult when performed over 96 h after symptom onset. Moreover, male sex was a risk factor. Therefore, PTGBD should be considered in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114
JournalBMC Surgery
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 28
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute cholecystitis
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Tokyo guidelines 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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