Ring Expansion of Epoxides under Brønsted Base Catalysis: Formal [3+2] Cycloaddition of β,γ-Epoxy Esters with Imines Providing 2,4,5-Trisubstituted 1,3-Oxazolidines

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Abstract

A novel ring-expansion reaction of epoxides under Brønsted base catalysis was developed. The formal [3+2] cycloaddition reaction of β,γ-epoxy esters with imines proceeds in the presence of triazabicyclodecene (TBD) as a superior Brønsted base catalyst to afford 2,4,5-trisubstituted 1,3-oxazolidines in a highly diastereoselective manner. This reaction involves the ring opening of the epoxides with the aid of the Brønsted base catalyst to generate α,β-unsaturated esters having an alkoxide at the allylic position, which would formally serve as a synthetic equivalent of the 1,3-dipole, followed by a cycloaddition reaction with imines in a stepwise fashion. This methodology enables the facile synthesis of enantioenriched 1,3-oxazolidines from easily accessible enantioenriched epoxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11240-11244
Number of pages5
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume54
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • asymmetric synthesis
  • brønsted base
  • cycloaddition
  • organocatalyst
  • ring expansion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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